[Trích dẫn tài liệu]
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. The loss of the jobs and persistent unemployment in the industrial countries is due mainly to changes in technology. It is thought to be misleading to blame job losses on the shift of corporations from the industrial countries to the Third World. The present technological developments have been compared to a Third Industrial Revolution. The first coming in the 19th century, was characterized by the steam engine and the use of coal. In the 1920s the second emerged with the use of oil and the electrodynamo. The third, the present one, is driven by computers, biotechnology and information technology. However, there can be seen weaknesses in the newest of industrial revolutions. The technology is advancing so fast and productivity is rising so fast that we are left with a big problem. Because of the loss in jobs, caused largely by this new, technology, there will not be enough people with money to buy all these products. Technology has definitely enhanced our standard of living, even our quality of life. But as the capacity to produce expands and the lack of purchasing power and consequent demand diminish, there can be overproduction and recession, and what happens to our standard of living? 1. What is stated as being the main weakness of the Third Industrial Revolution? A. There will be too many machines in the factories. B. There will be too few people who can afford to buy things. C. There won’t be enough products for everyone to buy. D. There will not be enough money around. 2. The word “enhanced” in the passage is closest in meaning to _______. A. released B. reduced C. emerged D. intensified 3. What do we infer is the author’s attitude to the technology?